Casebook: The War of 1812
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Casebook: The War of 1812
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  Brock, Maj. Gen. Sir Isaac British 
b. June 6th, 1769 - d. October 13th, 1812
Commander of the troops of Upper Canada. Captured Detroit August 16, 1812 but was killed at Queenston, October 13, 1812 in a battle in which the U.S. forces were forced back across the Niagara River.   more...
  Carroll, Maj. Gen. William American 
b. March 3rd, 1788 - d. March 22nd, 1844
Maj. Gen. William Carroll led more than 3,000 troops of the Tennessee militia's Second Division at the Battle of New Orleans. Carroll and his men formed the center of Jackson's line at the Rodriguez Canal and poured in accurate volleys to decimate Pakenham's advancing forces.   more...
  Cockburn, Rear Adm. George British 
b. 1772 - d. August 1853
Cockburn sucessfully conducted raids around the Chesapeake Bay starting in March 1813 and he plotted the British attacks on Norfolk (1813), Washington, D.C., and Baltimore (1814). At the end of the war he was thrust into a minor role, raiding off the coast of Georgia.  more...
  Dearborn, Maj. Gen. Henry American 
b. 1751 - d. 1829
Henry Dearborn was appointed one of the major generals of the U.S. Army in early 1812 before the war. Although a Revolutionary War veteran, he was a political appointee, and at age 61 was too old and ineffective to aid the U.S. war effort.  more...
  Drummond, Lt. Gen. Sir Gordon British 
b. September 27th, 1772 - d. October 10th, 1854
As second-in-command to Sir George Prevost, governor of Canada, in winter 1813, Drummond organized the recovery of the Niagara Peninsula by the British and the raids in retaliation for the burning of Newark. The following year, 1814, he successfully repulsed another American invasion.  more...
  Gleig, Lt. George R. British 
b. April 20th, 1796 - d. July 9th, 1888
A second lieutenant in the British Army during the British operations against Washington, Baltimore, and New Orleans, Gleig has left invaluable accounts of those campaigns.   more...
  Jackson, Maj. Gen. Andrew American 
b. March 15th, 1767 - d. June 8th, 1845
Famous as the man who beat the British at New Orleans on January 8, 1815, Jackson had made his previously reputation as a general in a series of battles against Indian forces. He went on to become the seventh President of the United States.  more...
  Key, Francis Scott American 
b. August 9th, 1780 - d. January 11, 1843
Francis Scott Key, a prominent Georgetown (Maryland) lawyer helped create one of America's potent symbols when on witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore harbor he wrote the poem later retitled "The Star-Spangled Banner" became the lyrics for a song which in 1931 became the U.S. National Anthem.  more...
  Madison, President James American 
b. March 16, 1751 - d. June 28, 1836
President throughout the War of 1812, Madison declared war on Great Britain on June 18, 1812 after coming under pressure from the War Hawks and although the nation was not militarily ready. He showed little understanding of military matters and because of a lack of preparedness, he allowed the British to capture the capital, Washington, D.C., in August 1814, which led to the burning of the White House and Capitol and other public buildings.  more...
  Norton, Chief John (Teyoninhokarawen) British 
b. 1760 (?) - d. 1831 (?)
Of mixed blood, Mohawk Chief John Norton (Teyoninhokarawen) was an able military leader and a good ally to the British in Canada. He led his warriors in concert with the British regulars in actions on the Canadian frontier from June 1812 to December 1814  more...
  Pickersgill, Mary Young American 
b. February 12th, 1776 - d. October 4, 1857
An established Baltimore flagmaker and maker of ships' colors, Mary Young Pickersgill made the giant 42 by 30 foot flag that flew over Fort McHenry in September 1814 at the time of the British attack on Baltimore.  more...
  Procter, Maj. Gen. Henry British 
b. 1762 - d. 1822
Responsible for the defense of the Detroit frontier during late 1812 through 1813, Procter succeeded in destroying a relief column trying to reach Fort Meigs (May 5, 1813) but was soon forced to retreat before General William Henry Harrison's advancing American Army. Defeated at the Battle of the Thames (October 5, 1813) during which his Indian ally Tecumseh was killed, he was subsequently removed from command and court martialed.  more...
  Ross, Maj. Gen. Robert British 
b. 1766 - d. September 12th, 1814
Dublin-born Peninsular veteran Ross was selected by fellow Irishman the Duke of Wellington to lead the expedition to the Chesapeake. Although he successfully captured Washington, D.C. on August 24, 1814, Ross was killed in a skirmish outside of Baltimore on September 12, 1814 just prior to the Battle of North Point.  more...
  Secord, Laura British 
b. 1775 - d. 1868
Laura Secord is a Canadian heroine of the War of 1812. On the night of June 23, 1813, overhearing American officers planning a raid on the British at Beaver Dams, the Queenston resident walked the 20 miles (32 km) to the British outpost to warn them of the coming raid.  more...
  Winder, Brig. Gen. William H. American 
b. 1775 - d. 1824
After minimal experience on the Canadian border, he was promoted to brigadier general. After being captured at the Battle of Stoney Creek, he was exchanged and given the onerous task of defending Washington, D.C. against the British in August 1814, a task at which he abjectly failed partly because he lacked the backing of Secretary of War Armstrong.  more...

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Copyright © Christopher T. George, 2012