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Casebook: The War of 1812
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Lt. Gen. Sir Gordon Drummond
Lt. Gen. Sir Gordon Drummond
 Lt. Gen. Sir Gordon Drummond 
Drummond, Lt. Gen. Sir Gordon
b. September 27th, 1772 - d. October 10th, 1854

Nationality: British

Allegiance: British

Category: Soldier

Summary:

   Born in Quebec City, the son of Scottish parents, Drummond was educated in Britain. In 1789, at age seventeen, he entered the British Army as an ensign in the First (Royal Scots) Regiment of Foot. He enjoyed a rapid rise in the British officer corps, becoming in March 1791 a lieutenant and a captain less than a year later in January 1792, a major in the Eighth (King's) Foot in February 1794 and a lieutenant colonel in March, seeing active service under the Duke of York in the Dutch campaign that same year. Drummond became a full colonel on January 1, 1798, a brigadier general in 1804, and a major general the following year. After service in the Mediterranean and the West Indies, he served in Canada from 1808 to 1811. On his arrival in Quebec City in July 1808, he served initially under the governor of Quebec, Sir James Craig. In June 1811, he was appointed lieutenant general and commander of British forces in Canada but in October of the same year he left to take up a position in Ireland. In 1813, he returned to Canada as administrator of the province of Upper Canada, second-in-command to Sir George Prevost, governor of the province. In winter 1813, Drummond organized the recovery of the Niagara Peninsula by the British and the raids in retaliation for the burning of Newark. He assisted in repulsing the American invasion in 1814, and in April 1815 he replaced Prevost as administrator of Lower Canada and commander of its troops. Drummond returned to England in 1816, and was awarded a knighthood for his performance in British North America.

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